The revolution of design by programmable materials
Keywords:Programmable Materials, Design Process, Production Revolution, Production Principles, 4D Printing
Global technological transformations revolutionize the design process both in conceptual and technical senses and add new meanings to the area of design. The design parameters of past eras are incomparable with today's design parameters. To define and forecast revolutions, Grinin and Grinin (2013) put forward the theories of production revolutions and production principles, to classify global technological transformations. Today, humankind experiences the primary modernization stage of cybernetic revolution and according to forecasts will pass to third ‘stage of self-regulating systems’ within the 2030s and 2040s.
In the light of the information acquired by the production revolutions and the theories of production principles and in the context of industrial design, one discussed within this study the programmable materials, which can be accepted as the pioneer of self-regulating systems. In programmable materials, 4D printing technology that began to be developed in mid-2010, was analyzed. The scenarios on the future of 4D printing and programmable materials were included and forecasts were put forward to assume how these scenarios will affect the design profession. This study emphasizes the necessity of adapting the industrial design profession to the contemporary by broadening its scope, and questioning and renewing the context of the profession, with the emphasis on digitalization being at the forefront.
Andreoletti, A., and Rzezonka, A. (2016). Designing with matter: From programmable materials to processual things. Journal of Science and Technology of the Arts, 8(1), 7-16. https://doi.org/10.7559/citarj.v8i1.217
Campbell, T. A., Tibbits, S., and Garrett, B. (2014). The Next Wave: 4d Printing. Atlantic Council. https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/The_Next_Wave_4D_Printing_Programming_the_Material_World.pdf
Felek, S. Ö. (2019). Mimari yapılarda 3 boyutlu yazıcıların kullanımı. International Journal of 3d Printing Technologies and Digital Industry, 8(1) 289-296. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/914448
Grinin, L. E., and Grinin, A. L. (2013). Global technological transformations. In Grinin, L. E., Ilyin, I. V. and Korotayev, A. V. (Eds.), Globalistics and Globalization Studies, 98-128.
Grinin, L. E., and Grinin, A. L. (2015). Global technological perspectives in the light of cybernetic revolution and theory of long cycles. Journal of Globalization Studies, 6(2), 119-142. https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-68354-1
Grinin, L., and Grinin, A. (2016). The cybernetic revolution and the forthcoming epoch of self-regulating systems. Moscow Branch of Uchitel Publishing House. https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-57569-8
Hull, C. W., (1986). U.S. Patent, 4,575,330. https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/5c/a0/27/e49642dab99cf6/US4575330.pdf
Menges, A. (2013). HygroSkin: Meteorosensitive Pavilion. achimmenges.net. http://www.achimmenges.net/?p=5612 (15.02.2022).
Nachtigall, T. R., Tomico, O., Wakkary, R., Wensveen, S., Dongen, P. V., and Noorden, L. T. V. (2018). Towards ultra personalized 4D printed shoes. In Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI EA '18). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Paper CS20, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1145/3170427.3174369
Pei, E., and Loh, G.H. (2018). Technological considerations for 4D printing: An overview. Progress in Additive Manufacturing, 3, 95-107. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40964-018-0047-1
Ramesh, S., Kiran reddy, S., Usha, C., Naulakha, N. K., Adithyakumar, C. R., and Lohith Kumar Reddy, M. (2018). Advancements in the research of 4D printing-A review. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 376, 012123. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/376/1/012123
Self-Assembly Lab. (2022). Programmable Table. https://selfassemblylab.mit.edu/programmable-table (15.02.2022).
Sher, D. (2017, October 24). First 3D printed live-in building in Europe unveiled in Russia by AMT Specavia. 3d Printing Media Network. https://www.3dprintingmedia.network/first-3d-printed-live-building-europe-unveiled-yaroslav-amt-specavia/ (15.02.2022).
Copyright (c) 2022 IDA: International Design and Art Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
IDA: International Design and Art Journal is an open-access academic journal. All publishing rights of the accepted articles are deemed to assign to IDA: International Design and Art Journal. Articles can not be published and copied anywhere, and can not be used without reference.
IDA: International Design and Art Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.